Silca Redux: the story of the world’s finest track pump

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“We need to stay the course and stay true to what Silca has always been.” How the fortunes of the world’s finest pump makers were re-inflated by one season of testing on the cobbles at Paris-Roubaix.

Words:
Photographs: Benedict Campbell

If ever there’s been an iconic brand gracing the workshops of pro teams, bike mechanics and passionate riders around the world, it’s Silca.

 

Like so many other cycling fanatics, I used an orange Silca track pump for decades, hauling it to races and events around the American Midwest, denting and scratching the painted steel barrel, wearing out the hose, replacing a series of chucks.

 

For those inside the tight little Silca clan, it became a symbol of your passion for cycling, like the little tin boxed Velox sew-up repair kit sitting in your cycling toolbox or the elegant Campagnolo T-wrench you kept long after you reluctantly adopted other running gear.

 

Shop Silca, the world’s finest track pumps, at Rouleur.cc 

 

Silca began in 1917 when Felice Sacchi, an Italian aircraft engineer, overcame a frustrating limitation in the air pumps commonly used then. Pneumatic pumps of the day used a stack of leather washers clamped together with a nut and screw. It worked, but it pumped air out both ends of the steel cylinder, requiring two check valves for inlet and outlet.

 

Distraught over the limitations of these clunky, heavy and breakage-prone pumps, Sacchi had a brainstorm. He replaced the stack of leather washers with a steam-formed leather cup that self-pressurised on the downstroke, but collapsed and allowed air to flow around it on the pump handle’s upstroke.

 

“So in one of those beautiful moments in history,” explains current CEO and lifelong Silca fanatic Josh Poertner, “he made a pump that was cheaper but that would also pump to higher pressures. It was more foolproof, because the check valve was always the point of failure and you only needed one instead of two.

 

“There was only one piece of leather instead of three or four, so there was no need to disassemble it to adjust it; it was self-compensating. So he patented it, and changed the world in lots of ways.”

 

Not only did the Silca design revolutionise pneumatic pumps, its basic principles reverberated out into all sorts of products needing simple reliable pressure pumps. Even the American Coleman camp stove and lanterns of the 1960s incorporated Sacchi’s brilliant innovation in their designs, Poertner says.

 

Silca SuperPista track pump

 

In the pneumatic inflation market, Silca pumps rapidly dominated the world. Before tubeless car tyres, every home garage had a pump, often endowed with ornate faux-Baroque feet and other filigree, to top off the air pressure. And the cycling world instantly saw the new design’s advantages, bringing Silca Pista pumps into every bike shop and racing mechanic’s garage.

 

Growing exponentially in sturdy, industrial Milan, Silca soon owned 95 per cent of the Italian pump market, and dominated European sales. From floor pumps, Silca grew to make tools, pedal wrenches, headset tools, frame pumps and other bicycling-specific designs.

 

World War II interrupted Silca production, but the company rebounded after hostilities ended. By now Felipe’s grandson, Claudio, held a prominent position in the successful, growing company. Silca were churning out a thousand pumps a day.

 

They were first to identify the United States as a key market, and by 1980 they held more than 50 per cent of the global marketshare. Innovation drove rapid growth, as Silca saw the potential to use the first modern plastic, Bakelite, to replace some of the heavier metal components of their frame pumps.

 

Ardent backers of bike racing, the company worked closely with nearly every top team of the era. And there in many team shots of the time was the face of Silca, Claudio Sacchi.

 

“I’ve seen photos of Claudio with Anquetil, Claudio with Gimondi, Claudio with Merckx,” explains Poertner. “Just amazing photos.”

 

The company was even part of a cult cycling cinematic moment as Dave Stoller, the Italiophile hero of the classic 1979 movie Breaking Away, lost both the 100-mile race and his dreams of cycling’s nobility when the black-jerseyed villains of Team Cinzano jibbed his front wheel with a Silca Impero frame pump.

 

Dave never sang another aria as he rode his red Masi through the same forests I’ve spent countless hours riding. Pity.

 

Silca SuperPista track pump

 

But just as innovation and change had propelled the company into a global leadership position, ominous winds brought Silca crashing to earth by the 1990s.

 

Cheaper Asian products made inroads into the cycling market, a fact that changed the fortunes of every legendary Italian cycling marque. Desperate to compete, Silca tried to adapt by substituting cheaper, plastic components that too-often failed or broke outright.

 

Europe’s adoption of the Euro crippled the lower-wage economies of southern countries like Spain, Portugal, Greece and Italy.

 

Silca’s fate, already weakened by business and product problems, appeared to be sealed when Claudio developed a highly aggressive cancer in 2012. Neither of his children wanted the business, and no buyer stepped forward.

 

“He tried to sell it for a year, and [Claudio] was on the verge of bankruptcy,” Poertner explains. Silca 1.0 was lost.

 

The roots of Silca 2.0, however, had been laid unknowingly in the shadow of the trees lining the Arenberg pavé in 2007. Poertner was there, on a typically cold and wet day, with a team of engineers and designers from Zipp Speed Weaponry.

 

Their goal: to test the company’s new carbon fibre Zipp 303 wheels under race conditions for superstar rider Fabian Cancellara and his team-mates before the upcoming Paris-Roubaix.

 

“We were doing these road tests for Roubaix with Cancellara and Nicki Sørensen and a bunch of other phenomenal athletes from CSC and Garmin. And we couldn’t make sense of our data.

 

“Generally, the lower the [tyre] pressure, the faster you go over cobbles at a given wattage because you’re absorbing the bumps and not bouncing over them,” he explains. “We called it ‘flying closer to the sun’, because the lower the pressure, the closer you came to catastrophic wheel failure.”

 

Trouble was, the team would set up tyres for Cancellara and he would fly over the cobbles on one run. But when they set up a bike similarly for another rider at a pressure optimised for their weight and wattage, instead of duplicating the results, the carbon wheel often imploded, or the rider would complain the wheel and tire were overly harsh. The experts at Zipp were beyond mystified.

 

After days of frustration, Poertner and his team finally checked the accuracy of the valves on the pumps they had been using. And between two high-quality Asian pumps, they discovered a 12psi difference in pressure while the gauges showed identical readings.

 

“Looking back, we felt like total idiots,” he says sheepishly today. “But this was in 2007 and we didn’t know as much and we just took for granted that the pump was accurate.

 

“A lot of people on that team came from auto racing and really knew tyre pressure, and how wrong were we! We had to completely start over, redo everything.”

 

Starting with precision Ashcroft gauges, the Zipp team built its ultra-precision bleeder gauge, nicknaming the handmade beast The Truth. “We still have it,” Poertner says, “It’s a cobbled together, nasty-looking thing.

 

“But we pumped the tyres up and then bled them down to accurate pressures with The Truth. And the year Fabian won his Roubaix [2010], I honestly believe that turned out to be a huge technical advantage.

 

“No one had ever used carbon wheels at Roubaix before, and we showed him it was a risk worth taking.” [Both George Hincapie and Magnus Backstedt used carbon wheels in 2008. It did not end well – Ed.]

 

Silca SuperPista track pump

 

Back home at Zipp’s global headquarters in Indianapolis, home of the eponymous 500 race and one of the world’s motorsports hubs, Poertner realised how important the team’s discovery had been.

 

“We solved the problem and kept it a huge secret because it was such an advantage. We hid [The Truth] in all our trucks so no one could see what we were doing,” he recalls.

 

But Zipp’s core competency is making ever-faster aero wheelsets, not dealing with the intricacies of inflation and its impact on shock absorption, rider comfort and tyre compliance.

 

Poertner, who had become friends with Claudio over his years first as a Euro-based road racer and then as part of the Zipp service course team, began to see an opportunity. Why not accept a last-gasp offer from Claudio to buy Silca and make it the world’s premier pump manufacturer once again, using quality and accuracy as selling points?

 

A flurry of emails and transatlantic calls, consultations with his colleagues and mentors at Zipp, discussions with his wife and a number of sleepless nights later, Poertner found himself on a plane to Italy where he signed the ownership papers just seven days before Claudio died. Suddenly, a mechanical engineer from Indiana owned one of the cycling world’s most recognised and legendary brands.

 

“It was very stressful. We signed the papers in September 2013 when [Claudio] was dying. On the long plane ride back I’m thinking I’m going to quit my job, take a second mortgage on my house. This is real,” he explains.

 

The acquisition agreement was for the brand name only. No tooling, no intellectual property because, he says, “there was none.” A former Category 1 racer in the US who made the leap to racing in Europe, Poertner had the cycling skills and contacts to know how to revive a legendary brand. But he had no factory, no marketing or sales team, no assembly workers or R&D department.

 

More seriously, he faced the challenge of rebuilding an Italian legend into a 21st century company that could both capitalise on Silca’s cycling street cred while creating a product line aimed at the discriminating modern cyclist.

 

“We could take apart pumps and see how they worked, but did we know how to manufacture them? And one of the things that had hurt Claudio was he had to support existing Silca product and keep up the ethos of the Forever Pump.

 

“So we had to face the fact that the product Silca made in the late 2000s weren’t good products anymore, but we had to try to take care of those customers, too.”

 

The first six months, Josh worked out of his house, sourcing leather gaskets and other parts from original vendors and working on engineering more modern designs. After occupying his living room, then his garage as business grew, he leased a 5,000-square foot building to house Silca and its growing employee base.

 

Manufacturing was outsourced to specialised vendors around Indianapolis, a move that might draw objections from Silca traditionalists complaining that their familiar floor pumps are no longer manufactured by gnarled hands in a thousand-year-old, stone-floored workshop.

 

Poertner knew better, however. He had long argued with Claudio that the only way Silca could compete against the onslaught of cheaper Asian-made pumps was to return to the high-quality manufacturing standards and complete reparability that had made it the world’s finest pump. So he re-engineered the Pista and Impero pumps to 21st century technical standards, regardless of the cost.

 

Silca SuperPista track pump

 

The idea worked. Riding the rising tide of modern handcrafted bicycle frames and other artisanal products, Silca became a popular boutique brand and its pumps became objects of desire.

 

Working with modern vendors from the aerospace and motorcycle industries, Silca produced a pump ten times more accurate than the best Asian-made products at a time when the modern science of how tyre inflation dramatically influences road adhesion, rider comfort and overall speed, was trickling down to the cycling masses.

 

In a world where a two psi difference in tyre pressure can produce as much compliance as a £200 carbon fibre seatpost, the value of a Silca pump became apparent to budget-minded cyclists and pros alike.

 

As demand for the pumps and component products like the HIRO Chuck rose, Silca embraced events like the North American Handmade Bicycle Show (NAHBS), where the elegantly functional pumps perfectly meshed with the emerging handmade bicycle culture.

 

Needing a centrepiece product to showcase the aesthetic value of Silca pumps, Poertner cold-called Dario Pegoretti and asked if he’d be willing to custom-paint a few pump tubes as part of a limited edition. After a six-minute conversation, Pegoretti enthusiastically embraced the project and began producing a signature line of hand-painted pumps for Silca.

 

Sold on a first-come-first-served basis, the pricey pumps routinely sell out in minutes. Now Silca has alliances with dozens of framebuilders including Richard Sachs, allowing modern riders to not only order a bike of their dreams, but to have a frame or floor pump custom-painted to match it perfectly.

 

Today, Poertner explains, Silca is as much about enhancing the cycling experience as it is about manufacturing exceptional products. Their elegantly machined hex key set reduces the risk of stripping delicate aluminum and titanium hex bolt heads because the keys fit precisely.

 

Using Silca keys, Poertner argues, makes wrenching on your bike more pleasant and satisfying, ensuring that the rider will do his or her own maintenance more regularly.

 

It’s the same for proper inflation, he adds. It enhances the cycling experience at a cost far below what a new frame or more compliant handlebars and seatpost would provide. Everything Silca does, he explains, aims to make cycling more enjoyable.

 

“That’s the mindset we don’t ever want to forget,” stresses Poertner. “The cycling market will always ebb and flow with its appreciation of value. But we need to stay the course and stay true to what Silca has always been.”

 

Words by David McCarty.

 

This article originally appeared in issue 64 of Rouleur magazine.

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    I want to pass along some very important news that everyone needs to hear!

    In December of 2017, Donald Trump made history by recognizing Jerusalem as the captial of Israel. Why is this big news? Because by this the Jewish people of Israel are now able to press forward in bringing about the Third Temple prophesied in the Bible.

    Jewish Rabbis have publicly announced that their Messiah will be revealed in the coming years who will be a leader and spiritual guide to all nations, gathering all religions under the worship of one God.

    Biblical prophecy tells us that this Jewish Messiah who will take the stage will be the antichrist “who opposes and exalts himself above all that is called God or that is worshiped, so that he sits as God in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God” (2 Thessalonians 2:4). For a time, he will bring about a false peace, but “Therefore when you see the ‘abomination of desolation,’ spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place (Matthew 24:15)…then there will be great tribulation, such as has not been since the beginning of the world until this time, no, nor ever shall be” (Matthew 24:21).

    “Little children, it is the last hour; and as you have heard that the Antichrist is coming, even now many antichrists have come, by which we know that it is the last hour” (1 John 2:18).

    “The coming of the lawless one is according to the working of Satan, with all power, signs, and lying wonders, and with all unrighteous deception among those who perish, because they did not receive the love of the truth, that they might be saved. And for this reason God will send them strong delusion, that they should believe the lie, that they all may be condemned who did not believe the truth but had pleasure in unrighteousness” (2 Thessalonians 2:9-12).

    More importantly, the power that runs the world wants to put a RFID microchip in our body making us total slaves to them. This chip matches perfectly with the Mark of the Beast in the Bible, more specifically in Revelation 13:16-18:

    “He causes all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hand or on their foreheads, and that no one may buy or sell except one who has the mark or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.

    Here is wisdom. Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man: His number is 666.”

    Referring to the last days, this could only be speaking of a cashless society, which we have yet to see, but are heading towards. Otherwise, we could still buy or sell without the mark amongst others if physical money was still currency. This Mark couldn’t be spiritual because the word references two different physical locations. If it was spiritual it would just say in the forehead. RFID microchip implant technology will be the future of a one world cashless society containing digital currency. It will be implanted in the right-hand or the forehead, and we cannot buy or sell without it! We must grow strong in Jesus. AT ALL COSTS, DO NOT TAKE IT!

    “Then a third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, “If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives his mark on his forehead or on his hand, he himself shall also drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out full strength into the cup of His indignation. He shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb. And the smoke of their torment ascends forever and ever; and they have no rest day or night, who worship the beast and his image, and whoever receives the mark of his name” (Revelation 14:9-11).

    People have been saying the end is coming for many years, but we needed two key things. One, the Third Temple, and two, the technology for a cashless society to fulfill the prophecy of the Mark of the Beast.

    Visit http://WWW.BIBLEFREEDOM.COM to see proof for these things and why the Bible trul is the word of God!

    If you haven’t already, it is time to seek God with all your heart. Jesus loves you more than you could imagine. He wants to have a relationship with you and redeem you from your sins. Turn to Him and repent while there is still hope! This is forever…God bless!

  76. Howdy! Someone in my Myspace group shared this site with us so I came to check it out. I’m definitely loving the information. I’m book-marking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Fantastic blog and superb design.

  77. Hey, how’s it going?

    I want to pass along some very important news that everyone needs to hear!

    In December of 2017, Donald Trump made history by recognizing Jerusalem as the captial of Israel. Why is this big news? Because by this the Jewish people of Israel are now able to press forward in bringing about the Third Temple prophesied in the Bible.

    Jewish Rabbis have publicly announced that their Messiah will be revealed in the coming years who will be a leader and spiritual guide to all nations, gathering all religions under the worship of one God.

    Biblical prophecy tells us that this Jewish Messiah who will take the stage will be the antichrist “who opposes and exalts himself above all that is called God or that is worshiped, so that he sits as God in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God” (2 Thessalonians 2:4). For a time, he will bring about a false peace, but “Therefore when you see the ‘abomination of desolation,’ spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place (Matthew 24:15)…then there will be great tribulation, such as has not been since the beginning of the world until this time, no, nor ever shall be” (Matthew 24:21).

    “Little children, it is the last hour; and as you have heard that the Antichrist is coming, even now many antichrists have come, by which we know that it is the last hour” (1 John 2:18).

    “The coming of the lawless one is according to the working of Satan, with all power, signs, and lying wonders, and with all unrighteous deception among those who perish, because they did not receive the love of the truth, that they might be saved. And for this reason God will send them strong delusion, that they should believe the lie, that they all may be condemned who did not believe the truth but had pleasure in unrighteousness” (2 Thessalonians 2:9-12).

    More importantly, the power that runs the world wants to put a RFID microchip in our body making us total slaves to them. This chip matches perfectly with the Mark of the Beast in the Bible, more specifically in Revelation 13:16-18:

    “He causes all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hand or on their foreheads, and that no one may buy or sell except one who has the mark or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.

    Here is wisdom. Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man: His number is 666.”

    Referring to the last days, this could only be speaking of a cashless society, which we have yet to see, but are heading towards. Otherwise, we could still buy or sell without the mark amongst others if physical money was still currency. This Mark couldn’t be spiritual because the word references two different physical locations. If it was spiritual it would just say in the forehead. RFID microchip implant technology will be the future of a one world cashless society containing digital currency. It will be implanted in the right-hand or the forehead, and we cannot buy or sell without it! We must grow strong in Jesus. AT ALL COSTS, DO NOT TAKE IT!

    “Then a third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, “If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives his mark on his forehead or on his hand, he himself shall also drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out full strength into the cup of His indignation. He shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb. And the smoke of their torment ascends forever and ever; and they have no rest day or night, who worship the beast and his image, and whoever receives the mark of his name” (Revelation 14:9-11).

    People have been saying the end is coming for many years, but we needed two key things. One, the Third Temple, and two, the technology for a cashless society to fulfill the prophecy of the Mark of the Beast.

    Visit http://WWW.BIBLEFREEDOM.COM to see proof for these things and why the Bible trul is the word of God!

    If you haven’t already, it is time to seek God with all your heart. Jesus loves you more than you could imagine. He wants to have a relationship with you and redeem you from your sins. Turn to Him and repent while there is still hope! This is forever…God bless!

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  88. Hey, how’s it going?

    I want to pass along some very important news that everyone needs to hear!

    In December of 2017, Donald Trump made history by recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. Why is this big news? Because by this the Jewish people of Israel are now able to press forward in bringing about the Third Temple prophesied in the Bible.

    Jewish Rabbis have publicly announced that their Messiah will be revealed in the coming years who will be a leader and spiritual guide to all nations, gathering all religions under the worship of one God.

    Biblical prophecy tells us that this Jewish Messiah who will take the stage will be the antichrist “who opposes and exalts himself above all that is called God or that is worshiped, so that he sits as God in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God” (2 Thessalonians 2:4). For a time he will bring about a false peace, but “Therefore when you see the ‘abomination of desolation,’ spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place (Matthew 24:15)…then there will be great tribulation, such as has not been since the beginning of the world until this time, no, nor ever shall be” (Matthew 24:21).

    More importantly, the power that runs the world wants to put a RFID microchip in our body making us total slaves to them. This chip matches perfectly with the Mark of the Beast in the Bible, more specifically in Revelation 13:16-18:

    “He causes all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hand or on their foreheads, and that no one may buy or sell except one who has the mark or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.

    Here is wisdom. Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man: His number is 666.”

    Referring to the last days, this could only be speaking of a cashless society, which we have yet to see, but are heading towards. Otherwise, we could still buy or sell without the mark amongst others if physical money was still currency. This Mark couldn’t be spiritual because the word references two different physical locations. If it was spiritual it would just say in the forehead. RFID microchip implant technology will be the future of a one world cashless society containing digital currency. It will be implanted in the right-hand or the forehead, and we cannot buy or sell without it. Revelation 13:11-18 tells us that a false prophet will arise on the world scene doing miracles before men, deceiving them to receive this Mark. Do not be deceived! We must grow strong in Jesus. AT ALL COSTS, DO NOT TAKE IT!

    “Then a third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, “If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives his mark on his forehead or on his hand, he himself shall also drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out full strength into the cup of His indignation. He shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb. And the smoke of their torment ascends forever and ever; and they have no rest day or night, who worship the beast and his image, and whoever receives the mark of his name” (Revelation 14:9-11).

    People have been saying the end is coming for many years, but we needed two key things. One, the Third Temple, and two, the technology for a cashless society to fulfill the prophecy of the Mark of the Beast.

    Visit http://WWW.BIBLEFREEDOM.COM to see proof for these things and why the Bible truly is the word of God!

    If you haven’t already, it is time to seek God with all your heart. Jesus loves you more than you could imagine. He wants to have a relationship with you and redeem you from your sins. Turn to Him and repent while there is still hope! This is forever…God bless!

    “EITHER HUMAN INTELLIGENCE ULTIMATELY OWES ITS ORIGIN TO MINDLESS MATTER OR THERE IS A CREATOR…” – JOHN LENNOX

    We all know God exists. Why? Because without Him, we couldn’t prove anything at all. Do we live our lives as if we cannot know anything? No. So why is God necessary? In order to know anything for certain, you would have to know everything, or have revelation from somebody who does. Who is capable of knowing everything? God. So to know anything, you would have to be God, or know God.

    A worldview without God cannot account for the uniformity and intelligibility of nature. And why is it that we can even reason that God is the best explanation for this if there is no God? We are given reason to know or reject God, but never to know that He does not exist.

    It has been calculated by Roger Penrose that the odds of the initial conditions for the big bang to produce the universe that we see to be a number so big, that we could put a zero on every particle in the universe, and even that would not be enough to use every zero. What are the odds that God created the universe? Odds are no such thing. Who of you would gamble your life on one coin flip?

    Is there evidence that the Bible is the truth? Yes. Did you know that the creation accounts listed in the book of Genesis are not only all correct, but are also in the correct chronological order? That the Bible doesn’t say the Earth was formed in six 24-hour days but rather six long but finite periods of time? That the Bible makes 10 times more creation claims than all major “holy” books combined with no contradictions, while these other books have errors in them? The Bible stood alone by concurring with the big bang saying, “In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth” (Genesis 1:1); and says our universe is expanding, thousands of years before scientists discovered these things. Watch a potential life-changing video on the website listed below with Astronomer(PhD) Hugh Ross explaining all these facts based on published scientific data. He has authored many books, backed even by atheist scientists.

    Jesus came to pay a debt that we could not; to be our legal justifier to reconcile us back to a Holy God; only if we are willing to receive Him: “For the wages of sin is death…” (Romans 6:23).

    God so loved the world that He gave us His only begotten son, so that whoever believes in Him, through faith, shall not perish, but have everlasting life. Jesus says if we wish to enter into life to keep the commands! The two greatest commands are to love God with all your heart, soul, strength, and mind; and your neighbor as yourself. All the law hang on these commands. We must be born of and lead by the Holy Spirit, to be called children of God, to inherit the kingdom. If we are willing to humble ourselves in prayer to Jesus, to confess and forsake our sins, He is willing to give the Holy Spirit to those who keep asking of Him; giving us a new heart, leading us into all truth!

    Jesus came to free us from the bondage of sin. The everlasting fire was prepared for the devil and his angels due to disobedience to God’s law. If we do the same, what makes us any different than the devil? Jesus says unless we repent, we shall perish. For sin is the transgression of the law. We must walk in the Spirit so we may not fulfill the lusts of the flesh, being hatred, fornication, drunkenness and the like. Whoever practices such things will not inherit the kingdom (Galatians 5:16-26). If we sin, we may come before Jesus to ask for forgiveness (1 John 2:1-2). Evil thoughts are not sins, but rather temptations. It is not until these thoughts conceive and give birth by our own desires that they become sin (James 1:12-15). When we sin, we become in the likeness of the devil’s image, for he who sins is of the devil (1 John 3:8); but if we obey Jesus, in the image of God. For without holiness, we shall not see the Lord (Hebrews 12:14).

    The oldest religion in the world is holiness through faith (James 1:27). What religion did Adam and Eve follow before the fall? Jesus, Who became the last Adam, what religion does He follow? Is He not holy? He never told us to follow the rituals and traditions of man but to take up our cross and follow Him (Luke 9:23). There are many false doctrines being taught leading people astray. This is why we need the Holy Spirit for discernment. Unlike religion, holiness cannot be created. It is given to us from above by the baptism of the Spirit. Jesus is more than a religion; He is about having a personal relationship with the Father. Start by reading the Gospel of Matthew, to hear the words of God, to know His character and commandments. Follow and obey Jesus, for He is the way, the truth, and the life!

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